The Bureau of Land Management’s primary responsibility is to manage public lands. In Alaska, its focus is conveying land, providing interagency wildland fire management, overseeing the Joint Pipeline Office (a partnership with the state and other federal agencies with oversight responsibility of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline), and responding to the public demand for use of public land.

Most of Alaska’s land is under federal ownership. Four laws – the Native Allotment Act, the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA), the Alaska Statehood Act, and the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) tremendously affect the land mass administered by the federal government.

The Native Allotment Act of 1906 requires the adjudication of hundreds of small acreage sites throughout Alaska which must be settled prior to completing the final survey and transfer of lands under both the ANCSA and the Statehood Act. The Alaska Statehood Act of 1958 requires the transfer of 104 million acres to the State of Alaska, while ANCSA requires transfer of 44 million acres of public land to Native corporations. ANILCA set aside 80 million acres for inclusion within the national forests, national parks, wildlife refuges and wild and scenic rivers.

Campbell Creek Science Center

The Crypto VIP Club robot represents the current market makers who effectively contribute to the process of market liquidity. There exists another participant called the proprietary traders who also contribute to activities causing market imbalances and is closely tied to the principles of the market makers even though they differ in two main ways.


  • Objectives: Both the MMs and the proprietary trading have different dimensions of working. More clearly, the market makers serve the customer relation status. Thus, evaluation of profitability is based on the profit and loss of the associated units and on the respective client business linked to the market making services.

The main goal of the proprietary trading is to solely rely on profit and losses equations of the market. This indicates that this type of traders who do not belong to protect the client relationships are specific to take a step back from contributing to the liquidity in stress market environments unless they learn specifically how to profit from various market situations.

  • Information base: If fed with the real task of facilitating trade, the MMs does not conduct trade on any special or specific informational advantages. Moreover, they finely adjust the spreads to create profitability of quotes being obtained by the informed traders.

The proprietary traders, on the other hand, get chances to learn themselves to take gain of such advantages to profit from the informed trading decisions.