Online Banking-Know the pros and cons

Online Banking-Know the pros and cons

Online banking helps the end-users in many ways and with the increasing use of internet facility by almost all the people, has led the innovation of technology in greater heights.  Online banking has reduced the time being spent by many people in processing their transactions at the bank and it is also converted the payment options in a better way.  Before in the past, it required enough time to process all your transactions and it also required skilled manpower to process your accounts including other jobs.

But this is not so in case of online banking which facilitates the end-users at 24/7 online banking facility where it is easy to make payments at any of the online platforms.  There are many online trading platforms which use online banking methods also available in the market like Bitcoin loophole. It is a trading robot helps the investors to enter into a trade and also suggests the best trading option too.

The following are the pros and cons of online banking so that you gain little knowledge about this and use this feature in a better way.

Pros:

  • Easy Payment options: Online banking facilitates the option which is more convenient to pay all your bills at a fraction of a second and you need not spend a lot of time at the banks to pay your bills or do any transactions through banks.  Online banking facility has made the payment options easier than the past.
  • Mobile banking facility: There are many banks which started to make use of the technological changes and started to offer many features including mobile banking facility.  In the present scenario, it is really difficult to survive without using many advanced technologies and using smartphones and this enabled the use of bringing out an online mobile banking feature too.
  • Easy to access: It is easy to access and it is a more convenient way to do transactions at any point in time and at any place.

Cons:

  • Crossing the limits: The enhance the feature of online banking may also make you end up with debts since many people make use of the credit cards to pay for the bills, to do online shopping etc. which exceed your income and end up with the debts and thus making you cross your budget limits.
  • Security issues: Though there are advanced features and advantages of using online banking facility, there is also a possibility of fraudulent who try to take your money from your account once they know your personal details through hacking.
  • Transaction cost: Some banks charge for the transactions you make and it may be one of the disadvantages of using it since you can save that part of the money you are paying as a transaction cost.

Online Trading-What Exactly It Is?

Online Trading-What Exactly It Is?

Online trading came into the market like a revolution and now it has given enough money to open an account. Anyone who has a computer has the ability to invest in the market. For investing in online trading is very easy. It’s not necessary to have a personal broker to do it.

Easily accessible- No doubt the market has become accessible for all but we should not take it lightly at all. We should have all the knowledge beforehand like- types of online trading accounts, how to choose an online brokerage, how to protect ourselves from fraud.

Kinds of trading- Here is a list of different forms of trading. Check it out to have a better idea of trading:

1 Stock trading- In this system buying, selling, holding of stocks is done according to the list of the public stock exchange.

2 Forex trading- Through this system buying and selling of currencies is done in the hopes of making profits.

3 Options trading-In this system people trade contracts that give them the rights to buy or sell an asset.

4 Binary options trading- It is a form of trading in which traders expect a predetermined payout or nothing at all.

How to make the first trade- After a basic understanding of the market, we need to decide our assets or securities. Then the user has to choose the right broker or brokerage to access the markets. The broker will have a direct impact on our trade. The broker we find should charge relatively low fees for all the resources to make our trading experience easier.

Better use of technology- If the technology is used in a proper way then it can help new traders to lower the entry barriers. It will help in automating many of the activities. It will also help in bringing a great deal of mental effort to track.

How to choose stock screeners- It is very difficult for the beginners as well as for the professionals to choose the best stock screeners. As they get attracted to the big name stocks because of their herd mentality. They don’t realize the fact that there are many quiet stocks that are providing traders with consistent gains. So, one should be very careful before selecting them. Before taking a decision one should go through the stock screener, it will narrow down potential winners before their big breaks. After all this information it’s time to get started on the right foot.

 

Future of Blockchain Technology In Banking Industry 2019

Future of Blockchain Technology In Banking Industry 2019

The banking industry is very important for the growth of any country.  If the banking system collapses, it collapses the entire economy of a country.  Hence countries and their central banks take utmost care in protecting banks and financial institutions.

The year 2019 would see good growth for blockchain technology.  It would take a vital role in the banking industry in the following ways:

Data security:

Presently the scope of frauds is very high in the banking industry.  This would be efficiently solved by blockchain technology at a much lower cost.  With the help of blockchain technology data storage and transmission will be very safe.  Banks would be able to decentralize data storage and improve infrastructure in a cost-effective manner.

With the help of blockchain technology, banks can get rid of third-party services for the above purposes.

Payments:

Presently SWIFT system of coding is used for payments within banks across borders.  In future, this will become obsolete and blockchain will be used for the same.  Blockchain ensures fast settlement of transactions.  Crypto trading apps like Qprofit system have already started using this technology.  Click here to learn more about it.

KYC:

Presently the customers have to give address and identification proofs as per Know-Your-Customer norms.  Only after KYC verification people are able to get access to banking services.  Also, this has to be done each time, when you open an account with every banker.

Blockchain technology simplifies this.  It will identify the user and store the data safely in a server which all the banks can access.  When blockchain usage increases in 2019, KYC verification is a one-time process, no matter how many accounts you open with a number of banks.

Loans:

Presently, loans are the highly risky area in banking domain.  Even after background verification, there are numerous cases of loans turning into non-performing assets.

But blockchain will completely make the system fraud-proof.  Details of loans can be stored as ledger transactions.  All the banks will have access to inspect the ledger transaction.  Hence frauds like getting loans from multiple banks using the same property will never be possible.

Other banking services:

Blockchain would have its impact on other services offered by banks.  Insurance claim processing is an area which would undergo tremendous simplification due to this.  The settlement of claims will be faster, and the formalities would be reduced.  Smart contracts would eliminate the need for escrow.  Charges would be reduced to a great extent.  Hence there is no doubt that blockchain technology will bring in sea changes in the field of banking.

 

 

 

Bitcoin Code

Modern technology has made it possible for the common people to access the benefits of online trading. Today normal people can engage in buying and selling of investments by using various online platforms. It is the most efficient way to deal in forex and crypto currencies. Many investors are getting involved on the crypto currency trade due to increasing popularity of this type of currency. Similarly, the availability of the online tools to deal with these virtual assets is another reason why most people prefer to trade in these assets.

The online software usually comes with the auto-trading option which is of great help to the new traders. It helps them generate steady income irrespective of their level of knowledge of the industry. Bitcoin Code software is online trading software created by the self-proclaimed Bitcoin Millionaire Steve McKay. The developer is an erstwhile employee at the Wall Street and his experience in dealing with the complex financial instruments is what gave him the impetus to invent this new tool. The continuous research in this field enabled him to create a secure and trustworthy system to deal with these digital assets. It also integrates only with the top and authentic brokers in the industry.

Bitcoin trader robot has emerged as one of the main players in the field. It enjoys a good reputation among the investors because of the amazing profits it has managed to earn for its users. The solid client base has attracted additional investors to this platform. The interface of the website is also very user-friendly and simple. The registration is free and has only simple steps. Register with the website, obtain a free trading license and start trading with the initial minimum deposit of $250. The sophisticated system offers an only limited number of users in a day in order to provide equal opportunity to all the users.

Once the user has generated profits through trading, he can place a request for withdrawal which will be eventually transferred to the personal bank account of the trader. He can also re-invest the profits to earn more profits. This online tool also supports the investors by offering a dedicated customer care which answers all the queries via E-mail or lives chat.

The Bitcoin code is a good platform for beginners to start off trading in crypto currencies. It offers them the experience without the fear of losing their money. Investors can move on to the manual mode once they have gained the required experience in dealing with the crypto currencies.

Connecting Natural History and Test-Taking

July 24-26 ($340.00 per Person)

Discover the lessons of Denali’s landscape. Let them invigorate you and give your students a sense of wonder. With Denali National Park Education Specialist Kristen Friesen, we will investigate Denali’s natural history and ecology topics and correlate this living classroom to state standards and testing scenarios. Through nature lessons that use processes such as critical thinking and analytical reasoning, we will explore techniques to advance your students to higher-level test takers, scientists, social scientists and thinkers. This course is geared towards second through ninth grade educators, but all educators are welcome. A multi-disciplinary approach will be used.

Bitcoin Code is an ultimate place where the crypto traders can meet up on the virtual platform in order to be more successful. This tool was created by a group of skilled Wall Street investors with the view to harness the untapped profitability of the virtual assets It is an automated trading solutions that guarantees steady returns to the user. The Bitcoin code review is the best example of the trustworthiness and legitimacy of this platform.

About This Teacher Training

Murie Science & Learning Center Teachers Trainings explore the vast ecosystems and vibrant cultures of the Far North. Classes are small, but the classrooms are grand – set in Denali National Park’s landscape of taiga forest, glacier-clad mountains, and wide-open tundra. The Murie Science and Learning Center is a new facility dedicated to research and education about America’s eight northernmost National Parks. The Center, developed by the National Park Service, is a collaborative effort of several education and research organizations.

What To Expect

Tent cabin at the Field Camp - click for larger photo. This course is based out of the Murie Science and Learning Center Field Camp, located 35 miles inside Denali National Park in the area of Igloo Canyon. Just below Sable Pass, Igloo Canyon is where the taiga forest gives way to subarctic tundra. From this spectacular location we’ll set out each day to explore Denali’s diverse environments.

The Field Camp includes rustic tent cabins and a common dining tent. All meals, accommodations, transportation, and instruction are included. Family-style meals are simple and healthy. Each tent cabin sleeps four people on platform beds with mattresses. Participants bring their own sleeping bag and pillow case.

This course starts at the Murie Science and Learning Center at the Park entrance. To allow for travel time to Denali, this course begins at 2:30 p.m. on the first day and ends at 4:00 p.m. on the last day.

Programs are limited to 10 participants.

University Credit

University of Alaska Anchorage offers one professional development credit (level 595) for this Teacher Training. The credit fee is included in the course cost of this Teacher Training.

Hiking Distances and Physical Fitness

Field Seminars are active learning experiences. Most involve hiking 1-4 miles with 1,000 feet elevation gain over uneven, rocky terrain such as tundra and river bars. Please inquire about hiking distances for specific seminars. Participants must be capable walkers, in good health, and equipped for sudden changes in weather.

Registration

  • Register online
  • Email: courses@alaskanha.org
  • Call (907) 683-1269 or toll-free (888) 688-1269

Alaska Natural History Association members receive a 10% discount on this course. The discount will not apply towards the $64 UAA credit.

Cancellation Policy:

Course fees, less a $25 processing fee, will be refunded for cancellations 30 days in advance of the course start date. For cancellations within 30 days, the entire fee will be retained unless we can fill your place. If we are forced to cancel a course, your entire fee will be refunded.

Science Writing in the Heart of Denali

July 7-9 ($400.00 per Person)
Join the Alaska State Writing Consortium’s Sondra Porter and the Murie Science and Learning Center’s Jessica Brillhart for an exploration of science and writing in Denali National Park. We’ll learn about Denali’s natural history and current research efforts as we develop our writing skills and discuss applications for our students. In this two credit teacher training we will discuss the literacy of science and use these concepts to reinforce the Alaska State Standards for both language arts and science grades K-12.

Scholarship money is available for teachers from UAS Partnership Districts (Bering Straits, Denali, Haines, Juneau, LKSD, Mat-Su, Pribilofs, Southeast Island, Wrangell, Yukon-Koyukuk.) For more information, please contact us at courses@alaskanha.org.

About This Teacher Training

Murie Science & Learning Center Teachers Trainings explore the vast ecosystems and vibrant cultures of the Far North. Classes are small, but the classrooms are grand – set in Denali National Park’s landscape of taiga forest, glacier-clad mountains, and wide-open tundra. The Murie Science and Learning Center is a new facility dedicated to research and education about America’s eight northernmost National Parks. The Center, developed by the National Park Service, is a collaborative effort of several education and research organizations.
What To Expect

Tent cabin at the Field Camp – click for larger photo. This course is based out of the Murie Science and Learning Center Field Camp, located 35 miles inside Denali National Park in the area of Igloo Canyon. Just below Sable Pass, Igloo Canyon is where the taiga forest gives way to subarctic tundra. From this spectacular location we’ll set out each day to explore Denali’s diverse environments.

The Field Camp includes rustic tent cabins and a common dining tent. All meals, accommodations, transportation, and instruction are included. Family-style meals are simple and healthy. Each tent cabin sleeps four people on platform beds with mattresses. Participants bring their own sleeping bag and pillow case.

This course starts at the Murie Science and Learning Center at the Park entrance. To allow for travel time to Denali, this course begins at 1:00 p.m. on the first day and ends at 4:00 p.m. on the last day.

Programs are limited to 10 participants.
University Credit
University of Alaska Southeast offers two professional development credits (level 595) for this Teacher Training. The credit expense for this teacher training is included in the course fee.
Hiking Distances and Physical Fitness

What to expect when we have a trading robot doing the trading functions on behalf of the investor is a question that will definitely rise in every investors mind. The investors are required to set the parameters of the trade and watch the system generate profits on your behalf. Expect nothing less than double of the investments you have made if you are using a trading app as the Bitcoin Trader App.

Field Seminars are active learning experiences. Most involve hiking 1-4 miles with 1,000 feet elevation gain over uneven, rocky terrain such as tundra and river bars. Please inquire about hiking distances for specific seminars. Participants must be capable walkers, in good health, and equipped for sudden changes in weather.
Registration

Register online
Email: courses@alaskanha.org
Call (907) 683-1269 or toll-free (888) 688-1269

Alaska Natural History Association members receive a 10% discount on this course. The discount will not apply towards the university credit portion of the course cost.
Cancellation Policy:
Course fees, less a $25 processing fee, will be refunded for cancellations 30 days in advance of the course start date. For cancellations within 30 days, the entire fee will be retained unless we can fill your place. If we are forced to cancel a course, your entire fee will be refunded.

New Fossil Discoveries in Denali

BREAKING NEWS – July 14, 2006!! Teachers and researchers discover several new dinosaur tracks in Denali, including the largest track yet at almost 20 inches in length!

As part of a Murie Science & Learning Center teacher training, the group made the discovery while surveying new areas of the Cantwell formation. The latest news release is posted below.

August 7, 2006 PRESS RELEASE

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

Discovery of New Dinosaur Evidence in Denali National Park and Preserve

The search for dinosaur material at Denali National Park and Preserve has continued with great success in the 2006 field season, which began in early June. Eighteen more trace fossil sites have been located in the Igloo Canyon and Double Mountain vicinities of the park. The majority of the finds have been theropods, (meat-eating dinosaurs that walked on their hind legs), however several hadrosaur footprints, popularly known as duck-billed dinosaurs, have also been discovered. This discovery is very exciting as theropods are thought to have preyed on hadrosaurs, and this new evidence provides a beginning for understanding the ecosystem of Denali 70 million years ago. Among the twenty total sites found so far in the park, four different-sized theropod tracks have been found, and several new bird tracks as well. The largest of the tracks is approximately 20 by 20 inches or 50 by 50 cm.

The search for dinosaur evidence has been ongoing for four years, and the recent finds are a welcome reward. The number of tracks and the quality of preservation in some specimens greatly exceed expectations. Some of the rock surfaces are so littered with tracks and partial tracks that Dr. Tony Fiorillo of the Dallas Museum of Natural History, and the principal investigator on the project, has referred to them as “Cretaceous dance floors.”

Whereas most of this summer’s discoveries were made by trained geologists and graduate students, some of the new finds took place during a teacher workshop on dinosaurs offered through the Murie Science and Learning Center in early July. The education course was specifically designed to examine the dinosaur history of Denali. Photographs and information about the class’ discoveries can be found at www.murieslc.org.

Additional discoveries are expected as the field portion of the project continues, and as the information is examined by cooperating investigators.

Researchers were tantalized last year by the first evidence of dinosaurs in Denali and Interior Alaska, when two dinosaur footprints and multiple avian (bird) tracks were found at two different locations in a type of sedimentary rock known as the Cantwell Formation.

Additional Information

To learn more about dinosaurs of North America visit:
Dinosaur National Park.
Musuem of Paleontology, University of California, Berkley.
Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

May 2006 Press Release: New Fossil Discoveries in Denali National Park

The discovery of a second dinosaur track and footprints of prehistoric wading birds in Denali National Park and Preserve was announced during the Geological Society of America regional conference that took place earlier this month in Anchorage . The new track fossils were discovered last summer on Double Mountain, which is approximately ten miles south of the Sanctuary River Campground located at Mile 23 on the Denali Park Road. The more recent find includes a partial impression of a theropod, a meat-eater who roamed the area approximately 70 million years ago. A track of the same type of animal was discovered in July 2005 near the Igloo Campground.

The newer track is from an individual of approximately the same size, with a track measuring approximately six by nine inches, but a portion of the toes are missing. It does contain more detail, as it includes an impression of the foot pads.

The other new tracks were left by medium-sized wading birds. What were originally thought by the scientists to be impressions left by the impact of raindrops were determined to be depressions left by the birds’ beaks as they probed into the mud for food. This may be the first known fossil evidence of this activity.

The discoveries were made by Dr. Anthony Fiorillo, curator of earth sciences at the Dallas Museum of Natural History, Phil Brease, Denali National Park geologist, Brent Breithaupt of the University of Wyoming, and Linda Stromquist from the National Park Service Regional Office in Anchorage. The impressions were left in the Cantwell formation, a rock type found in many areas of the park.B

Hadrosaur track discovered on July 14, 2006.

Last summer’s discovery was the first evidence of dinosaurs found in Denali National Park and Preserve. It confirmed the theory that the Cantwell formation should contain dinosaur remains due to its age and geological properties. The more recent finds will fuel continued paleontological efforts in the park.

Trace fossil bird beak depressions in mud -Double Mountain site.

Bird tracks found on Double Mountain.

Hold your cursor over the above photographs for the caption.

From the Forest to the Sea: Glaciers, Ocean, & Rainforest of the Copper River Delta June 19-23, 2006 ($600.00 per Person)

In partnership with Prince William Sound Science Center and the U.S. Forest Service.

2 professional development (500 level) credits through UAA.

This course is made possible through the generous support of the U.S. Forest Service Centennial Of Service grant award.

Based out of a semi-permanent field camp 25 miles outside of Cordova, teachers will explore and study the dynamic ecosystems of Prince William Sound and the Copper River Delta.

 It is as simple as trading on the automated Crypto CFD Trader. The Prince William Sound is a sea inlet in the Gulf of Alaska and was named after the third son of George III, Prince William Henry, as an honor who served in the Royal Navy at the age of 13. While the Copper River, located in south-central Alaska, is America’s tenth largest river and got its name from the rich deposits of copper found in the upper regions of the river. 

This five-day course will alternate hiking, canoeing, and kayaking amid glaciers, rainforests, wetlands, and ocean ecosystems, meeting with researchers to learn ways to boost student excitement for science in the real world. Course led by Kate Alexander, Education Coordinator, Prince William Sound Science Center, and Kim Kiml, Interpretation and Education Director, U.S. Forest Service Cordova Ranger District.

Limited to eleven participants.

Course Fees: $600 including all fees for 2 credits

Course Capacity: 11 teachers/participants

Course Overview
Teachers will explore the mountains, glaciers, and rainforests of the Chugach National Forest and Prince William Sound by foot, canoes and kayak. Course themes will explore the changing geology, oceanography, and ecology through place-based education activities. Scientists will join participants in the field to provide in-depth scientific information about the ecosystems we are directly experiencing. Leave No Trace techniques will be incorporated into all of our explorations. Each evening will include a workshop to review the lessons of the day and to discuss and demonstrate various ways these scientific principles can be included into classroom exercises, with an emphasis on how environmental/science education can meet statewide standards for Alaska’s teachers.

Activity Expectations and Physical Fitness
This course is an active learning experience in remote locations in Prince William Sound and the Chugach National Forest. Participants must be capable walkers, in good health, and equipped for Alaska’s often-unpredictable weather (required gear list will be part of registration packet). Water activities will include kayaking and canoeing. Previous experience is not required and we will be accompanied by experienced guides. Other activities include hiking 4-5 miles at a moderate pace with up to 1,500 feet elevation gain, over uneven, sometimes steep rocky terrain. Two 12-passenger vans will be used for transportation between activities.

Participants will overnight at mile 25 on the Copper River Highway (dirt road) at a semi-permanent field camp used for summer education programs. The Copper River Delta is home to both brown and black bears, so strict bear policy/procedures will be introduced at the start of the week and must be followed throughout the course of the workshop (copies available upon request). There are two 21-foot long weatherports for sleeping and cots are provided for each participant. Due to our bear policy/procedures no personal tents are allowed. There is no running water at the campsite. There are 2 outhouses and a water tank for cooking/dishes at the site. Spring water is made available at all times throughout the week. There will be one opportunity for showers sometime during the week. Food is prepared by a camp cook in a field kitchen at the campsite. Any food allergies/restrictions must be noted at registration.

Optional Text/Recommended Reading: To be mailed with registration packs

Course Notes and Itinerary:

Monday, June 19, 2006

Airport/ferry shuttle to pick up participants if needed
2:00 p.m. – Course meets at Prince William Sound Science Center for registration, introduction and loading of the vans.
3:00 p.m. – Kate Alexander, PWSSC, at campsite: campsite orientation, bear policy/procedures, overview of the week, course goals and expectations. Afternoon snack provided.
4:30 p.m. – Icebreaker/introduction activities
5:30 p.m. – Dinner at campsite
Evening workshops on Leave No Trace practices and Introduction to Resource and Place-based Education.

Tuesday, June 20: Wetland Ecology

8:30 a.m.-Breakfast at campsite
9:30 a.m.- Introduction to Wetlands
10:00 a.m. – Canoe orientation and canoe trip down Alaganik Slough
12:00 p.m. – Picnic lunch at Alaganik Recreation Area
1:30-4:00 p.m. – Wetland Ecology workshop/explorations with guest scientist (TBD)
5:30 p.m. – Dinner at campsite
7-8:30 p.m.- Evening workshop: Wetland Education in the Classroom

Wednesday, June 21: Dynamic Landscape: Rainforest Succession

8:30 a.m. – Breakfast at campsite
10:00 a.m. – Hike to Sheridan Glacier (1 ½ miles round trip): Dynamic Landscape and Soil workshop with guest scientists (TBD)
12:00 p.m. – Lunch at Sheridan Mountain trail head
1:30 p.m. – Rainforest hike on Sheridan Mountain trail (1 ½ miles round trip): Temperate Rainforest workshop
5:30 p.m. – Dinner at campsite
7:00-8:30 p.m. – Workshop: Dynamic Landscape and Rainforest Succession in the Classroom

Thursday, June 22, Oceanography and Marine Biology of Prince William Sound

8:30 a.m. – Breakfast at campsite
10:30 a.m. – Meet Kayak guide at Orca Cannery; kayak orientation, kayak to Humpback Creek: Oceanography, marine biology, and salmon life cycle workshop with guest scientist (TBD)
Picnic lunch at Humpback Creek
2:30 p.m. – Return to Orca, shower at Bidarki Recreation Center
4-5:30 p.m. – Alaska Ocean Observing System workshop at Prince William Sound Science Center with guest scientist (TBD)
5:30 p.m. – Salmon BBQ on Science Center dock
7-8:30 p.m. – Workshop: Ocean Sciences in the Classroom (at Science Center)
8:45 p.m. – Head back to camp

Friday, June 23: Bringing It All together

8:30 a.m. – Breakfast at campsite, pack up camp
10:00 a.m. – Break into teaching groups; depart for Child’s Glacier
12:00 p.m. – Picnic lunch at glacier
1-2:30 p.m. – Final project presentations at Child’s Glacier (Teach Back)
2:30 p.m. – Depart for town
4:00 p.m. – Return to U.S. Forest Service building for wrap-up and good-byes. (Rides available to airport, rental cars, or ferry dock)

For final grade, due by end of the week. Teach back: One classroom resource lesson taught to the rest of the group (1-2 teachers/lesson), using information and resources used during From the Forest to the Sea Teacher Workshop.

Travel to Cordova

Cordova’s unique location in Prince William Sound and the Copper River Delta places it “off the beaten path” and accessible only by plane and ferry. Alaska Airlines offers daily flights between Seattle, Juneau, Yakatat, Cordova, and Anchorage. Era Aviation offers morning and evening flights between Cordova and Anchorage. Note that these do not fly every day. The Alaska Marine Highway System operates a ferry throughout southcentral Alaska.

Register for this course through our partner organization, Prince William Sound Science Center

Whales of Icy Strait

July 28-August 3, 2006
$850

In partnership with Discovery Southeast, Alaska Discovery, and the U.S. Forest Service

3 professional development (500 level) credits through UAA.

From the doorstep of Glacier Bay in the rich waters near Point Adolphus, we’ll travel by plane to the gateway community of Gustavus where a boat will transport us to a remote camp on Chichagof Island. Kayaks and boats will be used to move among the humpback whales feeding in the rapid currents and upwellings at the foot of the St. Elias range of peaks. On the water, we’ll watch for marine mammals and sea birds. On hikes through the meadows and bogs of the Tongass National Forest, we’ll explore forest ecology with a naturalist’s perspective. Throughout the course we’ll discuss the impacts of human activity on marine mammals while exploring the landforms, plants, and wildlife that continue to adapt to this remote coastline.

Limited to ten participants.

Seals, Ice, and the Wilderness Idea

June 27-July 3, 2006
$750

In partnership with Discovery Southeast, Alaska Discovery, and the U.S. Forest Service

3 professional development (500 level) credits through UAA.

Experience the calving glaciers and towering granite fjords of Endicott Arm, part of the Tracy Arm Fords Terror Wilderness, southeast of Juneau. From kayaks, we’ll keep a safe distance from Harbor Seals having their pups on icebergs as we consider the effects of humans on sensitive marine mammals. On trail, we’ll study plant succession in a land reawakening from retreating glaciers. In between, we’ll discuss wilderness management decisions as varied as monitoring invasive plants to interpreting wilderness values for diverse audiences. Boats will be used to transport participants from Juneau, but we’ll paddle kayaks between remote campsites of Fords Terror and Dawes Glacier. Course led by Tim Lydon, Wilderness Manager for the U.S. Forest Service in Juneau, and a guide from Alaska Discovery.

Limited to ten participants.

Register for this course through our partner organization, Discovery Southeast, or call (907) 463-1500

Course Details and Itinerary

Students will experience glacial dynamics, harbor seal behavior and wilderness management during a six-day sea kayak expedition in the Tracy Arm-Fords Terror Wilderness Area on the Tongass National Forest. Boats will transport 10 students and two instructors to a remote location in Endicott Arm, fifty miles south of Juneau. The group will spend six days traveling by stable, double kayaks, moving camp most days. Students will experience a raw, recently deglaciated landscape, wildlife and camping near a tidewater glacier. They will assist with projects relating to wilderness management, including monitoring a harbor seal population during pupping season. Through the experiences, students will explore the history of wilderness preservation, modern wilderness management techniques and goals and methods of incorporating natural resource lesson plans into curriculums.

June 27, 5 PM – 8 PM: Orientation at Alaska Discovery Office in Juneau. Introduce course objectives and expectations. Safety presentations by instructors. Equipment evaluation and discussion.

June 28, 8 AM – 8 PM: Establish camp and introduce sea kayaking. Travel to vicinity of Fords Terror in Endicott Arm. Introduce and practice sea kayaking skills. Introduce natural history of the area and discuss personal definitions of wilderness.

June 29, 8 AM – 8 PM: Paddle to North Dawes Inlet (~15 miles paddling). Longest day of paddling. Students will hone paddling skills. Stopping places will be limited in size and number due to steep fiord walls. Camp will be dramatic outwash in recently deglaciated bay. Interactive discussions will focus on history of wilderness preservation, legal definitions of wilderness and conservation efforts by historical figures such as John Muir, who explored Endicott Arm in 1879.

June 30, 9 AM – 6 PM: Paddle to within one mile of Dawes Glacier, end of Endicott Arm (~8 miles paddling). Moderate day physically, but pushing against wind is possible. Participants will paddle through ice bergs in seal pupping habitat and learn the importance of avoiding disturbance to wildlife while enjoying wildlife viewing. Set camp on very recently deglaciated beach with unobstructed view to active tidewater glacier. Interactive discussions will focus on challenges to modern wilderness management, including heavy recreation, impacts to wildlife and other issues.

July 1, 9 AM – 7 PM: Half of group paddle one mile to hike recently deglaciated valley; half of group paddle two miles to assist in harbor seal monitoring project. Moderate paddling but moderate-to-strenuous hiking off trail. Half of the group will learn about plant succession following glacial retreat while hiking a remote valley unaltered by human activity. Remainder of students will hike to a seal-observation point 400 feet above the fiord through dense vegetation. They will make observations about seal numbers, behavior and habitat needs. Groups will rejoin in the afternoon. Discussions will center on our evolving definitions of wilderness and how Alaskan wilderness is relevant to wilderness preservation in the rest of the nation.

July 2, 9 AM – 7 PM: Half of group paddle one mile to hike recently deglaciated valley; half of group paddle two miles to assist in harbor seal monitoring project. Same as July 1, except the two groups switch destinations and activities. Evening activities include debriefing of the trip and explanations of individual project responsibilities.

July 3: Travel to pickup point at Dawes Inlet for transport back to Juneau by boat.

Final paper/project due: two lesson plans due August 15

Registration:
Register for this course through our partner organization, Discovery Southeast, or call (907) 463-1500